Lakes of India: Lakes are the bottomless reserves of water that are surrounded by land blocks. These lakes can be anywhere in the plains, in hilly areas or in plateaus. The characteristic of lakes found all over the world is that their water is saline. Many lakes are the exceptions of their water being sweetly potable. The water of the lakes is often stable. The water in the lakes is mainly derived from rain, melting of snow in the mountains, from waterfalls or rivers. While water in lakes in hilly areas is caused by melting of snow, water accumulates from rivers or rain in the lakes of plains or plateaus.
There are two types of lakes around the world – natural lakes and man-made lakes.
Natural Lakes-These lakes have been constructed by nature. It has never been made up of volcanic eruptions, sometimes by landslides in the mountains, and they have been constructed in the plains because of the turning around the rivers.
Man-made lakes-these lakes have been constructed to meet the requirement of water by human beings, for fisheries or for power generation.
- Tibet’s Tiso Sikaru is the tallest lake in the world located at an altitude of 18284 feet on the Tibet Plateau.
- The Dead Sea is the lowest lake in the world, it is also 1300 feet below the ocean floor and is at 2500 feet from its bottom sea floor.
- Baikal Lake is the world’s largest freshwater lake (volume) and the deepest lake in the world.
- The Wular Lake is the largest fresh water lake in Asia, not just India.
- Chilka Lake is India’s largest saltwater lake.
- Gurudongmar Lake is the highest lake in India with a height of 5,430 metres (17,800 feet) and is located from Sikkim in India.
- Vembanad Kayam or Vembanad Lake is the longest lake in India. It is located in the state of Kerala.
- Gobind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam) is india’s largest man-made lake.
Rivers and Lakes in India Map
Lakes of India
There are many natural and man-made lakes in India. Some of them are freshwater lakes. In today’s article we will tell you about almost all the major lakes in India which are very useful for your competitive exams.
|Koleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh|
|Nagarjuna Sagar||andhra pradesh|
|Dipore Beel Lake||Assam|
|Sun Beel Lake||Assam|
|Kawar Lake (Gokhur Lake)||Bihar|
|Blue Bird Lake||Haryana|
|sun rhythm||Himachal Pradesh|
|Maharana Pratap Sagar||Himachal Pradesh|
|Parashar Lake||Himachal Pradesh|
|Bhojtal Lake||Madhya Pradesh|
|Ooty Lake||Tamil nadu|
|Tso Moriri Lake||Jammu & Kashmir|
Lakes of India – Most Important GK Quetions Answers
Q1. Which of the following is the largest freshwater lake in India ?
Q2. In which state is Loktak, the largest lake in north-eastern India?
Q3. Umium Lake is located in which state?
Q4. The famous lagoon is located in Lake Chilka in which stat
Q5. The largest fresh water lake in India is Wooller located in which state?
A. Himachal Pradesh
D. Jammu & Kashmir
Ans: Jammu & Kashmir
Q6. Lonar Lake is located in which state?
Q7. The world famous salt water lake Sambhar is located in which state?
Q8. In which state is Vembaned Lake located?
Q9. In which state is Lake Koleru located?
Ans: Andhra Pradesh
Q10. Jawahar Sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar and Gandhi Sagar Reservoir are built on which river?